Bangladesh is the ranks eighth most populated country in the world and is the fifth such country in Asia. Agriculture plays a very important role in populated countries like Bangladesh. The conventional agriculture of Bangladesh after the green revolution depended on chemical compounds that had a negative impact on soil, human health and the environment.
Organic agriculture is considered to be a suitable agricultural production process to ensure harmonization between human welfare and sustainable development. In recent years some organic agricultural technologies have proven to be effective and accepted by the farmers in Bangladesh. These include integrated rice–duck farming practices, organic vegetable production in sack, pheromone-trap for insect control, compost (kitchen waste, vermin-compost, pile compost, basket compost etc.) and so on.
Until now, however, a domestic market that pays for organically produced food has not emerged and Bangladesh has not been able to benefit from the growing global organic market. The Asian countries together currently account for only 7% of the total global organic land, China and India being major contributors. To develop the organic agricultural sector in Bangladesh, the Government needs to develop appropriate policies providing incentives for organic research and adoption. Promotion and practice of organic farming is not only important for Bangladesh for maintaining safety of its environment and ecology, it is also important in the global organic market context.
Bangladesh being a major agro-based populated country, the global organic industry will benefit from its participation in the international organic market.
Dr. Shaikh Tanveer Hossain
Friends In Village Development Bangladesh (FIVDB), Bangladesh
E-mail : tanveer107[at]yahoo.com